Friday Benefits: The Upbringing of Three Daughters

بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Taken From the Fatawaa of our Shaykh, Allaama, Mufti of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Abdul Azeez bin Abdullaah Bin Baz
Translated by Abbas Abu Yahya

The Question:
The  Messenger  of  Allaah  -  sallAllaahu  alayhi  wa  sallam  – said: ‘Whoever  had  three daughters and was patient with them, gave them drink and clothed them then they will be a screen for him from the Fire.’ Will this screen from the Fire be just for their father alone or does the mother have a share in this? I have -all praise be to Allaah - three daughters.

The Answer:
The hadeeth is general for the father and the mother due to the Messenger’s saying: ‘Whoever has two daughters and is good to them then they will be a covering for him from the Fire.’Likewise if he had sisters, aunts or similar to them and he is good to them then indeed we hope for Paradise for him due to that. So when he is good to them he is deserving of a great reward, it will screen him from the Fire and it will come between him and the Fire due to his good deed. This  is  specific  to  the  Muslims. If  a  Muslim  performs  these  good  actions desiring  the  Face  of  Allaah,  then  he  has  attained  a means  for  his  salvation from the Fire. Being saved from the Fire and entering into Paradise has many routes, so it is
necessary for a believer to increase in them. Islaam itself is a single foundation and it is the fundamental reason for entering Paradise and being rescued from the Fire.

There are deeds which, if a Muslim performs them, he enters Paradise due to them and is saved from the Fire, such as the one who has been given daughters or sisters and is good to them, then they will be a screen for him from the Fire.
Similarly, whoever had three of his offspring, who  had not reached the age of accountability, die then they will be a screen for him from the Fire. The Companions asked: ‘O Messenger of Allaah what about two daughters?’ He answered: ‘Even two,’ and they did not ask him about one daughter. It is authentically reported on the authority of the Messenger - sallAllaahu  alayhi  wa sallam –that he said: Allaah  - Azza wa Jal-said, ‘For My believing slave who, if I take  his  close  friend  from  the  people  of  the  Duniya and  then  he  performs righteous actions, there is no reward except Paradise.’ So  Allaah  –Subhanahu  wa  Ta’ala- explained that for His believing  slave whose close friend He takes- i.e. His beloved - from the  people of the Duniya, who is then patient and performs good deeds, He has no reward other than Paradise. So even if one of our offspring enters this hadeeth and Allaah takes possession of him and takes him  to Himself, then if that person’s father, mother or both of them are patient and they perform good deeds then they will have Paradise, and that is great excellence from Allaah. Similarly,  a  husband,  wife,  the  rest  of  the  relatives  and  friends,  if  they  are patient and perform good deeds then they enter this hadeeth provided that they are safe from that which could, perhaps, cause themto die on any of the major sins. We ask Allaah for safety.

Majmoo’ Fatawa - Ibn Baaz vol. 4 p. 375-376